Salto-1P

A small, 31cm tall one-legged robot with a transparent body packed with electronics and two small blue propellers on dual poles protruding from its shell. It's leg is bent at a hinge, and it has a stand on the opposite side so that it can balance seated.
I can sit, but I prefer to jump! Photo: Justin Yim

Salto-1P is a small, one-legged jumping robot inspired by the lesser bushbaby, a small nocturnal primate (scientific name Galago senegalensis). Salto-1P's powerful, springy leg enables it to jump high and fast. Using a reaction wheel tail on its side and propeller thrusters on top, it can balance and hop around.

Creators

University of California at Berkeley and Biomimetic Millisystems Lab

Year
2016
Country
United States 🇺🇸
Categories
Features
Series of photos show a 360 degree view of a small one-legged robot.
Interactive
See a 360° view of Salto-1P. Photos: Justin Yim

Rate this Robot

Overall Rating

Average Rating: 4.4 stars (19 ratings)

Current Ranking: #5 top rated

Would you want this robot?

61% said yes (18 ratings)

Current Ranking: #193 most wanted

Appearance

Neutral

Most rated "Somewhat Friendly" (17 ratings)

Current Ranking: #187 creepiest

Did you know?

Salto-1P can measure the force on its leg by measuring the deflection of its spring.

A one-legged robot mid-jump.
Jump, jump, everybody jump! UC Berkeley
Meet Berkeley's leaping robot. UC Berkeley

More videos

History

Salto, a small monopedal jumping robot, was created by Justin Yim while he was a PhD student at UC Berkeley in Ron Fearing's Biomimetic Millisystems Lab. Salto-1P uses a small motor and a system of linkages and gears to jump. Because it spends so little time in contact with the ground, the robot needs to do most of its control in the air. To do that, it uses a rotating inertial tail and two little thrusters to stabilize and reorient itself in between jumps. The robot can bounce up and over obstacles, and it can also land on a target spot. Yim is now at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign in the Mechanical Science and Engineering department.

Specs

Overview

Able to perform wall jumps: After jumping off of the ground, Salto-1P can jump off of a wall to get higher. Vertical jumping agility: 1.83 m/s. Maximum jump height 1.25 meters (from crouch to apex).

Status

Ongoing

Year

2016

Website
Width
7 cm
Height
31 cm
Length
13 cm
Weight
0.118 kg
Speed
12 km/h
Sensors

One TDK InvenSense MPU6000 IMU,
two AMS AS5048B magnetic encoders: one for the extension of the leg and one for the rotation of the tail,
one AMS AS5047P magnetic encoder for the leg brushless motor commutation.

Actuators

One modified Scorpion S-1804-1650KV brushless DC motor with a series-elastic torsional latex spring powers the leg. Two 6-mm diameter brushed motors for the thrusters. Two 6-mm diameter brushed motors in parallel for the tail.

Degrees of Freedom (DoF)
4 DoF (Leg: 1 DoF, Tail: 1 DoF, Thrusters: 2 DoF)
Materials

Carbon fiber honeycomb sandwich panel, carbon fiber rods and tubes, cast polyurethane, aluminum gears and gearboxes, aluminum pins, plastic bushings, 3D-printed parts, superglue, hot melt adhesive.

Compute

ImageProc 2.5 main board based on a dsPIC33FJ128MC706A microcontroller.
Custom brushless DC motor driver board.

Software

Onboard embedded C++. Ground station computer runs ROS or Python.

Power

14.8-V, 220-mAh lithium-ion battery pack assembled from Tattu 220-mAh 3.7-V 45C cells; around 12 minutes of operation.

Cost
A few hundred to a couple thousand U.S. dollars