Pragyan is a lunar rover developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Part of the Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission, it successfully landed near the lunar south pole on 23 August 2023. It's now exploring the moon using cameras and scientific instruments.
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Pragyan is expected to survive only for one lunar day (or around 14 Earth days), because its electronics were not designed to endure the frigid lunar night.
The Pragyan rover traveled to the moon inside the Vikram lander as part of India's Chandrayaan-3 mission. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched Chandrayaan-3 from Satish Dhawan Space Center on 14 July 2023. The spacecraft entered lunar orbit on 5 August, and the Vikram lander touched down in the lunar south polar region on 23 August. One day later, Vikram lowered a ramp that allowed Pragyan to descend to the lunar surface, and both spacecraft began their scientific explorations.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission makes India the fourth country to successfully land on the moon, after the Soviet Union, the United States, and China. India also becomes the first nation to land near the lunar south pole, where there are likely deposits of water ice.
A safe landing was the mission's primary objective, especially after the 2019 crash of the Vikram lander part of Chandrayaan-2. ISRO reportedly spent 6.15 billion rupees (about US $75 million) on the mission.